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In today’s post, I will teach you how to use the conjunction UNLESS in natural English conversation.
Do you remember what a conjunction is in English grammar? A conjunction is:
a word that joins words, phrases or sentences, for example ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘or’ ~ https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/conjunction?q=conjunction
I recently made a blog post explaining how to use the conjunction IF. If you want to see that post it’s linked HERE.
Oxford Learners Dictionaries also tells us that unless is ~ used to say that something can only happen or be true in a particular situation
Please look at the following example:
This movie is rated R. You can’t watch it at the theatre unless you’re over 18 years old.
You can only watch the movie at the theater if you are at least 18.
Another way to think of UNLESS is ~ except if.
You can’t watch the movie except if you are over 18.
Full blog audio at the bottom of this post. 🢃
Listen and learn!
I’ll wear my new shoes on Friday unless it’s raining.
Let’s go to that new pizza restaurant – unless you want Chinese food tonight.
We can also start a sentence with unless. For example:
[We have a reservation at the restaurant for 6:30.]
Unless we get the 6:10 train, we’ll be late.
~ the 2 ideas joined in this sentence are
① Taking the 6:10 train
② Being late
②Not being late depends on (is on the condition of) ①taking the 6:10 train.
This is another way to say: If we don’t take the 6:10 train we will be late.
Unless can be used like this as part of a natural conversation.
A: Should I tell Jim that I scratched the company van?
B: I wouldn’t say anything. Not unless he asks you.
– Don’t say anything except if Jim asks you about it.
As long as
This expression has the same meaning as IF [on the condition that]
You can get very fresh fish at the market as long as you get there early.
So long as is also possible.
You can get very fresh fish at the market so long as you get there early.
We can get a dog as long as you promise to look after it.
We can buy a dog on the condition that you take care of it.
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Full blog audio below. Listen right from the post!
English grammar Unless – As long as – MP3
Write a sentence in the comment section using this new grammar!
I’ll go to the party unless I have to work late.
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