Doesn’t have or has? Learn FAST with 30 examples (free PDF)

DOESN’T HAVE is correct. HAVE is used with the auxiliary verb DOESN’T for negative sentences. The verb “DOESN’T” agrees with 3rd person singular subjects (He, She, It) so HAVE does not change to HAS. “She doesn’t have time.”

I was teaching a private lesson here in Japan and one of my students was describing a situation with a friend. She had a question about Doesn’t have or has? English grammar:

“He hasn’t any money.” Or “He doesn’t have any money.” 

My student wanted to know which sentence was correct. This is a great question, and I think it is a common question for anyone who is studying English.

I have seen people asking similar questions online. Questions like “Should I use “He doesn’t have or has?”

Table of Contents

The verb TO HAVE becomes HAS for third-person singular subjects

The pronouns – he, she, it + any name, position or relation that describes one single person or thing are third-person singular subjects.

Do you want to learn more about Third-Person Singular English grammar? I wrote a complete guide that you can see here!

SubjectSingular (one)Plural (more than one)
First-personI haveWe have
Second-personYou haveYou have (plural
Third-personHe, She, It hasThey have
doesn't have or has - third-person singular

The verb HAVE can also be used as an auxiliary verb.

auxiliary verb – a verb such as be, do and have used with main verbs to show tense, etc. and to form questions and negatives

Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries auxiliary verb

Negative and Interrogative (Questions)

Look at the table below to understand how we make negative and interrogative statements (questions) with the verb HAVE in English.

HAVE as the main verbHAVE as an auxiliary verb
Have is used with the auxiliary verb DO/DOES for the negative.Haven’t or Hasn’t are used to make a negative statement with the main verb.
He doesn’t have enough money.
They don’t have enough money.
He hasn’t got enough money.
They haven’t got enough money.
Have is used with the auxiliary verb DO/DOES for questions.Have or Has are used to make a question with the main verb.
Does he have enough money?
Do you have enough money?
Has he been to the bank yet?
Have you been to the bank yet?

Negative questions too

Doesn’t he have enough money?
Don’t you have enough money?
Hasn’t he been to the bank yet?
Haven’t you been to the bank yet?
doesn't have or has - Negative and Interrogative CHART

Hasn’t VS. Doesn’t have

I’ll explain the difference between Hasn’t and Doesn’t have with some simple examples.

The verb HAVE is written HAS for the third-person singular. 

Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries has 33 uses for the verb HAVE! The #1 definition and the one we will focus on in this post is:
to own, hold or possess something
Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries HAVE

There are 2 ways to use the verb “have” in English. 

Have is the main verb

One way to use HAVE is as the main verb in a sentence. The verb is showing who or what owns, holds, or possesses something.

I have time on Wednesday.

I will possess time on Wednesday. To have time means to be available, to be free.

Mike has the project files.

Mike holds the project files now.

Grammarly is great for finding and correcting spelling and grammar errors. Sign up for FREE and save time with your English writing. (I use Grammarly too. A lot!)

*Note – this meaning of HAVE is not used in the progressive tense.

I’m having time on Wednesday. is incorrect.

Some other meanings of HAVE can be used in the progressive tense.

  • to eat, drink or smoke something

“I’m having dinner right now, can you call me back?”

The third-person singular is not used in the progressive tense.

Bill is hasing some time on Wednesday. X incorrect.

More examples

We have a new puppy, his name is Rosco.

Linda has a Master’s degree in physics from the University of Toronto.

She has a degree in math too.

Have as an auxiliary verb 

Another way we can use HAVE is as an auxiliary (helper) verb.
Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries HAVE auxiliary verb
As an auxiliary verb, HAVE is used with the past participle to form perfect tenses.

More great Perfect Tense English grammar study is waiting for you here!

Please look at these 2 examples:

I’VE been to Mexico twice.

HAS anyone seen Karen today?

HAVE is the auxiliary verb in these sentences. The main verbs are been (the past participle of the verb to be) and seen (the past participle of the verb to see).

Hasn't VS. Doesn't have
I've been to Mexico.

If you find the past participle verb form confusing I’ve got just the lesson you need! I wrote a blog post with a detailed explanation of how we use the past participle with lots of examples.

More examples

HAVE you tried that new café on Front street yet? I hear it’s really good. (Tried is the past participle of the verb to try)

I HAVE just eaten lunch so I’m not hungry. (Eaten is the past participle of the verb to eat).

Have is the main verb – Negative

When have is the main verb in a sentence we will use the verb do/does as an auxiliary verb for the negative. (don’t/doesn’t)

Let’s look at the negative forms of our first 2 example sentences:

“I don’t have time tomorrow.”

“Mike doesn’t have the project files anymore. He gave them to Kevin.”

HAVE is the main verb in both of these sentences.

Do you want to sound like a native speaker? Use more IDIOMS!
This awesome post is a great place to start – 10 Idioms with PIG (Learn FAST with pictures and examples)
This post is one of my biggest! – Idiom$ About MONEY (120 Common English Financial Idioms)

More examples

“Linda doesn’t have a Ph.D.”

“I don’t have any pets.”

We don’t have any pets either.

Have is the auxiliary verb – Negative

When have is the auxiliary verb in a sentence we will use its negative form (haven’t/hasn’t) before the past participle of the main verb.

Let’s look at the negative form of our other 2 example sentences:

“I have been to Mexico but I HAVEN’T been to Australia yet.”

“HASN’T anyone seen Karen today?”

HAVE is the auxiliary verb in these sentences.

More examples

“If I HADN’T seen it with my own eyes I wouldn’t have believed it.”

“It’s only 4:30 so Kelly probably HASN’T left work yet.” (Left is the past participle of the verb to leave).

“Mike HASN’T called me yet.” (Called is the past participle of the verb to call).

I left him a message but he HASN’T called me back.

 Do you remember my student’s question?

He hasn’t any money.
OR
He doesn’t have any money. 

Which is correct?

To have money means to hold or possess money. This is the main verb in our sentence. Remember…

When have is the main verb in a sentence we will use the verb do/does as an auxiliary verb for the negative. (don’t/doesn’t)

He doesn’t have any money is correct!

Are you good with money? Good at money? Learn the difference here >> GOOD AT or GOOD IN (or GOOD WITH?)

He doesn’t have any money.
(He never does...)

More examples

A: Is Brad coming to the party?
B: Unfortunately no. He doesn’t have time this weekend.

*Got can also be used in casual English to mean have. (Especially in North America)

Got is often used with have\has as an auxiliary form.

He hasn’t got time.

I’ve got time.

She’s got money.

We haven’t got any money.

Conclusion – Doesn’t have or has

If HAVE/HAS is the main verb in your sentence, you need to use the auxiliary verb DO/DOES to make the negative form. When HAVE is the main verb it will not change for third-person sentences. The auxiliary verb DON’T will become DOESN’T for negative sentences with a third-person subject.

I’d love to help you Candace, but I don’t have any time today.

Brian wants to come to Korea with us but he doesn’t have any money

If HAVE/HAS is an auxiliary verb that supports another verb in your sentence, you will use HAVEN’T/HASN’T to make the negative.

I haven’t been to Disneyland since I was 8 years old.

Why is Lincoln taking a break? He hasn’t done anything all day!

DONE is the past participle of the verb TO DO.

Hasn’t VS. Doesn’t have – Video

Watch the video below to review the grammar and improve your English listening skills!

Doesn’t have or has Infographic

doesn't have or has Infographic

More great posts explaining Confusing English

2 thoughts on “Doesn’t have or has? Learn FAST with 30 examples (free PDF)”

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