Many of my private English students are confused by words with a similar sound or meaning. I often confuse similar words in Japanese too! (My second language.)
As a teacher, my job is to explain these words in a clear way that is easy to remember. ✔
More than 1 of my private students were confused by the verbs RAISE and RISE. I created the lesson in this post to help them learn the difference. I hope it is helpful for you too. 👍
The verb raise has over 12 uses, rise has around 15! I have chosen 2 meanings of each word that my students confused. The definitions are below.
The key difference is that rise is an intransitive verb. What is an intransitive verb? From https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts-of-speech/verbs/intransitive-verbs.html
An intransitive verb is simply defined as a verb that does not take a direct object. There’s no word in the sentence that tells who or what received the action.
We don’t put a noun right after an intransitive verb. Let’s compare 2 example sentences using raise and rise to help us understand transitive verbs and intransitive verbs.
① Universities are raising tuition.
~Raise is a transitive verb. It can take a direct object. In this sentence, the noun tuition is the object. We also know who is raising tuition, universities are raising tuition.
② The cost of university is rising.
~Rise is an intransitive verb. ‘Rising’ is not followed by a noun, it does not have a direct object. We don’t know why the cost is rising or who did it.
More examples below ↓
Definitions and pronunciation links are from https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com
↙Click for pronunciation
You (the listener) should raise your hand (direct object) if you know the answer.
② to increase the amount or level of something
“The store has raised the price of bananas.”
The store acted upon the price of bananas. (direct object) They increased it.
↙Click for pronunciation
Smoke rises automatically. No one is ‘raising’ the smoke. Intransitive verbs are often followed by prepositions (from) but not by a direct object.
② to increase in amount or number
The price of gas is increasing for several reasons, but none of these reasons are mentioned. We know that the price is increasing but we don’t know why. *In this sentence the noun electric cars is the subject of the second clause. Even though this noun follows the intransitive verb rise, it is not the direct object.
This post has a basic introduction to transitive and intransitive verbs. You can find an advanced explanation of transitive and intransitive verbs below:
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