Affect VS. Effect
The English words Affect and Effect are easy to confuse. Their spelling is similar and their meanings both relate to change. It’s easy for me to see as a teacher why these words often get used incorrectly. They are different kinds of words, one is a verb and the other is a noun. They are used with different kinds of grammar. Please look at the table below.
|Affect is a verb – to produce a change in somebody/something|
|“My relationship with her did not affect my decision.”|
|Effect is a noun – a change that somebody/something causes in somebody/something else; a result|
|“You can’t have a cause without an effect.”|
More examples with AFFECT
- How will the new rules affect you?
- Countries like Australia will be the worst affected by global warming.
More examples with EFFECT
The president’s new policy will have long-term effects.
My friend really believes in the positive effects of a low carb diet.
Effect is a countable noun so we can use it in the plural form – effects
Using AFFECT and EFFECT – guide
In a basic English sentence, we write subject verb object. Please look at the following example sentence-
“Global warming affects the whole world.”
In this sentence global warming is the subject, affects is the verb and the whole world is the object.
effects the whole world.
Effect is a noun so this is incorrect. It doesn’t fit the grammar of this sentence.
“We will all feel the effects of global warming.”
In this sentence we is the subject, feel is a verb and the effects of global warming is the object.)
We will all feel the
affects of global warming.
Affect is a verb so this is incorrect. It also doesn’t fit the grammar of this sentence.
Some more tips for using affect and effect.
Remember that the noun “effect” often will follow an article (“an effect,” “the effect”) or an adjective (“negative effect,” “positive effect”). [Verbs do not follow articles or adjectives. ]
“Rising oil prices will have an effect on nearly everyone.”
“Getting enough sleep has a positive effect on your health.”
Affect is a verb so it can be used in the
future (will affect), or
continuous (BE affecting) tense.
Effect is most commonly used as a noun.
Nouns do not use these forms.
*Effect does have a verb form, but it is not so common. This post focused only on the noun form.
“This new software is affecting the performance of my laptop.”
“A few people lost their jobs in the bad economy, but luckily my company was not affected.”
I made an infographic explaining the difference between affect and effect many years ago. I tweeted this on my Twitter account and it inspired this blog post. In a longer post I can give you some more examples.
Join my FREE English newsletter and get a bunch of very helpful grammar PDFs for your English study. Click HERE!
Check out these other great blog posts!