HOPE and WISH
*definitions and examples are from www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com
hope verb – to want something to happen and think that it is possible
hope (for something)
“We are hoping for good weather on Sunday.”
~ It’s possible to have good weather on Sunday and that is what we want.
“All we can do now is wait and hope.”
~ A positive outcome or result is possible and it’s what we want.
A: “Will you be back before dark?”
B: “I hope so, yes.”
~ Returning before it gets dark is possible and I would like to do that.
|I hope I can get home before dark.|
“The exam went better than I hoped.”
~ I wanted to do well on my exam, I did even better than I wanted.
A: “Do you think it will rain?”
B: “I hope not, but I brought my folding umbrella just in case.“
~ I don’t want it to rain but I will bring my folding umbrella because rain is possible.
wish verb – to want something to happen or to be true even though it is unlikely or impossible
“I wish I was taller.” (I wish that I was taller.)
~ In this example we can imagine the person talking is an adult so they have stopped growing. It’s not possible to become taller.
“I wish I hadn’t eaten so much.”
~ In this example wish + not done something shows regret. We regret a past action. It’s impossible to go back in time and not do an action.
|Ohhh… Why did I eat so much…|
A: “Where is Jim now?’”
B: “I only wish I knew!”
~ I want to know where Jim is but I don’t.
“I wish you wouldn’t leave your clothes all over the floor.”
~ In this example we can imagine a mother talking to her son. It’s unlikely that he will change his habit of being messy, even though she wants him to.
|I wish you’d (you would) clean up your room!|
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