4 forms and common uses of the English word BACK

The word BACK has 4 different 

forms in English.

If an English word has a few different uses it can be confusing for my clients. It’s confusing for me in my study of Japanese and it’s probably confusing for many English students too! I hope this post is helpful for your English study!

BACK – 4 word forms


All helpful definitions are from  
 
noun – the part of your body opposite your chest-

“I fell last weekend playing tennis and I hurt my back.” ~ This usually refers to the muscles in your back.

OR – the spine, the row of bones in the middle of your back

“Wendy broke her back in a motorcycle accident. It’s serious but the doctor says with surgery she should be better in 12~14 weeks.” = Wendy broke the bones in her back (her spine)

② 
adjective – located behind or at the back of something

“I couldn’t hear the movie well because I was sitting in the back row.” = my seat was at the back of the theater
OR from the past

“I love GQ magazine. I have a subscription and about 75 back issues too.” = I also have 75 past issues
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verb – to move or make something move backward 

“I always back the car into my garage.” = I drive my car backward into my garage


OR To give help or support to something/someone

“This peace plan is backed by the United Nations.” = the plan is supported by the UN

adverb – away from the front

It’s Saturday! Time to kick back and relax.” = time to move away from the front (where the action is)


OR at a distance

“Security kept the crowd back.” = security kept people away from the front

OR to or into the place or condition someone/something was before

A: “Mom! Can I you buy these candies for me?”
B: “No, please put them back where you found them.” = return the candy to where they were before (before you took them)


OR in return or reply

“Throw me the ball and I’ll throw it back.” = I’ll return the ball to you
“The defenders in football are sometimes called 
the fullbacks and the wingbacks.
They stay back to defend the goal.”
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