"Most" and "Almost"

A common mistake I hear from my students is confusing almost and most.

Almost Japanese people like sushi.” INCORRECT Almost isn’t the correct word choice here.

Almost is an adverb that means nearly, close but. Here are some examples:

“I almost missed my train this morning.” I nearly missed my train, I was close to missing my train but I didn’t miss it.

“My coffee spilled this morning and it almost went on my new white shirt.” The coffee nearly spilled on my shirt, it was close, but it didn’t spill on my shirt.

Because ALMOST is an adverb, it will be used with a verb. “almost missed” “almost went”

Most is an adjective that means the largest amount, quantity or number. Here are some examples:

“7-11 has the most convenience stores in Tokyo.” 7-11 has the largest number of stores, it has more than any other store.

“I went to Kyoto for 3 days on a business trip but I didn’t see any temples. I was busy working most of the time.” I spent 3 days in Kyoto, but for the largest amount of that time I was working. I had little free time to go sightseeing.

Because MOST is an adjective, it will be used with a noun. “most stores” “most of the time”

Remember our first example sentence? It should be:
Most Japanese people like sushi!” CORRECT! The largest number of people!

I like sushi too! How about you?

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